Diagnostic Services for Gangliosidoses

A proven and certified diagnostic service delivering reliable results for GM1 and GM2 Gangliosidosis using advanced analytical techniques including enzyme and genetic testing.

Discover our Diagnostics

Premium diagnostic services for
GM1 and GM2 Gangliosidosis.
From enzyme to genetic confirmation.

Path to GM1 and GM2 Gangliosidosis Diagnosis

Our service is an excellent option for the identification of GM1 and GM2 Gangliosidosis in at-risk patients showing specific clinical symptoms or for an individual or family member who has a family history of Gangliosidosis.

Testing is fast and safe using Dried Blood Spot (DBS) cards. This simple and minimally invasive technique supplies enough samples for biochemical testing and in most cases genetic confirmation testing as well.

Available enzymatic and genetic tests:

DiseaseEnzyme TestsGenetic Tests
GM1 Gangliosidosis (GM1 Type I-III, MPS IVB)β-GalactosidaseGLB1
Tay–Sachs diseaseβ-Hexosaminidase AHEXA
Sandhoff diseaseβ-Hexosaminidase A and BHEXB
GM2-gangliosidosis, AB variant--GM2A

Differential diagnosis options:

DiseaseEnzyme TestsGenetic Tests
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs)Multiple enzymesARSB, GALNS, GLB1, GNS, GUSB, HGSNAT, HYAL1, IDS, IDUA, NAGLU, SGSH
Mucolipidosis I--NEU1
Mucolipidosis II alpha/beta
Mucolipidosis III alpha/beta
Mucolipidosis III gamma--GNPTG
Mucolipidosis IV--MCOLN1


Fully validated and accredited* according to the highest quality standards for Medical Laboratories (ISO 15189).


  • Enzyme assays by Clinical Mass Spectrometry.
  • Genetics by Sanger and Next-Generation Sequencing platforms.

About GM1 and GM2 Gangliosidosis

Gangliosidoses are a group of Lysosomal Storage Disorders that progressively destroy nerve cells (neurons) in the brain and spinal cord.

GM1 Gangliosidosis
Classified into three major types based on the age of disease onset:

  • Classic infantile (Type I, up to 6 months of age)
  • Juvenile (Type II, 18 months to 5 years of age)
  • Adult onset/chronic (Type III, > 5 years of age)

GM2 Gangliosidosis
Group of three related genetic disorders:

  • Tay–Sachs disease
  • GM2 Gangliosidosis, Variant AB
  • Sandhoff disease

Which mutation causes an enzyme deficiency?

These disorders are caused by a genetic mutation resulting in different enzyme deficiencies. Deficient enzyme activity leads to toxic accumulation of gangliosides in body tissues, particularly in the central nervous system (CNS). The degree of accumulation of gangliosides in visceral organs, including the liver, is variable and depends on the disease subtype. Disorders related to defects of ganglioside synthesis are very rare.

Are there diseases with similar symptoms to GM1 or GM2 gangliosidosis?

Common symptoms such as corneal clouding and hepatosplenomegaly are seen in other lysosomal storage disorders such as Mucolipidosis Type I and Mucopolysaccharidoses Types I and II. Developmental delay and growth abnormalities are also observed with Mucolipidosis Types II and III.

How to Order GM1 and GM2 Gangliosidosis Diagnostic Services

Ordering Diagnostic Kits

Our Diagnostic Service for GM1 and GM2 Gangliosidosis includes enzyme testing for β-Galactosidase (GM1 Gangliosidosis), β-Hexosaminidase A (Tay–Sachs disease) and β-Hexosaminidase A and B (Sandhoff disease) as well as any necessary genetic molecular analysis.

All of our services are available to any interested physician or healthcare professional worldwide.

As part of our diagnostic services, we supply complimentary ARCHIMEDlife sampling kits. You can order your sampling kits and diagnostic services through our easy and secure WEBPORTAL and receive your electronic medical report in five simple steps.

Five Simple Steps


1Order Sampling Kit

Blood Drop

2Collect the Sample


3Register the DBS Card


4Return the Sample


5Receive your Report

Diagnostic Services

View our full selection of biochemical, biomarker, and genetic tests in our exclusive WEBPORTAL.

Sign up NowFor new users View All ServicesFor registered users